A Study of Panglima La’ōt: An ‘Adat Institution in Aceh

Kamaruzzaman Bustamam-Ahmad

Abstract


This article is about a brief history of Panglima La’ōt Aceh and its current position along with Adat La’ōt (customary law) among Acehnese community. It will look at relationship between Adat and presence of Panglima La’ōt  (the Commanders of the Sea). To what extent we could say that there is a strong connection between the adat laot and Panglima La’ōt? It is argued that this institution has been established for more than 400 hundred years by the Kingdom of Aceh. It is also said that adat laot is one of the oldest customary law in Aceh. This article consists three sections. After the introduction, it will discuss the history of Panglima La’ōt in Aceh. The next section is about the current position of Panglima La’ōt in Acehnese society. Here, the data will be focussed on the dynamics of fisher and their perpection toward the Panglima La’ōt in different setting of research area. Finally, the examination of the revitalization of Panglima La’ōt as formal institution in, especially the overlapping of the authority of adat institution, will be provided in final section.

[Tulisan ini merupakan penjelasan mengenai hubungan Panglima La’ot dengan hukum adat La’ot ditengah masyarakat Aceh dewasa ini yang secara resmi pemerintah daerahnya menegakkan syari’ah Islam. Sebagai salah satu institusi adat yang tertua sejak berdirinya kerajaan Aceh, Panglima La’ot dan adat La’ot mengalami dinamika yang luar biasa. Dengan mengambil studi kasus dibeberapa tempat yang berbeda, penulis menunjukkan bahwa formalisasi kembali institusi ini bukan hanya menjadi cara melestarikan warisan budaya, melainkan juga menjadi aparatus pemerintahan lokal yang mewakili masyarakat nelayan Aceh ditengah dinamika ekonomi politik lokal, regional dan internasional.]     


Keywords


Panglimat La’ot; Aceh; Islamic Law; Adat

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14421/ajis.2017.551.155-188

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